Bamboo and Bamboo Products, Value-Added Bamboo Products

Thursday, June 7, 2018

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Bamboo and Bamboo Products, Value-Added Bamboo Products. Products Made from Bamboo. Profitable Agriculture Based Business Ideas.


Bamboo, (subfamily Bambusoideae), subfamily of tall treelike grasses of the family Poaceae, comprising more than 115 genera and 1,400 species. Bamboos are distributed in tropical and subtropical to mild temperate regions, with the heaviest concentration and largest number of species in East and Southeast Asia and on islands of the Indian and Pacific oceans.

Bamboos are typically fast-growing perennials, with some species growing as much as 30 cm (1 foot) per day. The woody ringed stems, known as culms, are typically hollow between the rings (nodes) and grow in branching clusters from a thick rhizome (underground stem). Bamboo culms can attain heights ranging from 10 to 15 cm (about 4 to 6 inches) in the smallest species to more than 40 metres (about 130 feet) in the largest. While the narrow leaves on young culms usually arise directly from the stem rings, mature culms often sprout horizontal leaf-bearing branches. Most bamboos flower and produce seeds only after 12–120 years’ growth, and then only once in their lifetime; reproduction is largely vegetative. Some species spread aggressively and can form a dense undergrowth that excludes other plants.

Bamboo is a versatile non-wood forest product and also known as poor man’s timber. It is a material which accompanies one from cradle to grave. Bamboo is the base for a broad range of rural and semi urban cottage industries that provide livelihood for the rural poor.

Bamboo is a versatile multi-purpose forest produce that plays a vital role in the world’s domestic and industrial economies. Bamboo and bamboo-based products are used for a wide range of indoor and outdoor applications owing to their abundance and versatility. Bamboo is one of the highly renewable resources in the Indian socio-economic-cultural-ecological-climatic-functional context with more than 1,500 recorded uses. Besides its role as a material for consumer products, it also has great potential as an industrial raw material. Various industrial applications of bamboos include food production, wood substitute, pulp and paper, handicrafts, medicinal products, cottage industries, and charcoal production. Bamboo is often considered to be a replacement of wood and industrial raw materials in both modern industrial and traditional cottage sectors.

Bamboo based products are produced from thin strips of bamboo. There are a wide variety of such products and they have been closely associated with the development of civilizations in bamboo growing regions of the world for many millennia. The products may be primarily intended for agricultural use, such as baskets for vegetables or animals and winnowing trays for cereals, or they may be household products such as baskets, trays, jars, case, lampshades, fans and mats.

Bamboo handicraft sector is predominant in the Indian handicrafts and there are millions of people who depend on bamboo for part or all of their income. The whole plant part of bamboos can be utilized in many ways thus becoming the highest economically potential plant of the region ((Brojendro and Sobita,). Bamboo and its products are ecofriendly in nature and it shields from hard pollution in different ways. Bamboo offers perhaps the quickest way to remove vast amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Bamboo products are distributed to both domestic and export markets. The domestic market is segmented for furniture and handicraft. The high-quality products are directed to high-end markets (i.e., hotels, restaurants, condominiums, and residential houses) while low- quality ones are sold to low-and-medium income consumers.


Some of the Profitable Small and Medium Scale Manufacturing Business:


A handicraft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal handicraft or handmade, is any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools. It is a traditional main sector of craft, and applies to a wide range of creative and design activities that are related to making things with one's hands and skill, including work with textiles, moldable and rigid materials, paper, plant fibers, etc. Usually the term is applied to traditional techniques of creating items (whether for personal use or as products) that are both practical and aesthetic. Collective terms for handicrafts include artisanry, handicrafting, crafting, and handicrafts man ship. The term arts and crafts is also applied, especially in the United States and mostly to hobbyists' and children's output rather than items crafted for daily use, but this distinction is not formal, and the term is easily confused with the Arts and Crafts design movement, which is in fact as practical as it is aesthetic. Read more


Ply Board is wooden made board or wooden like raw materials largely used for making ply board. There is large use of ply board nowadays in making wooden base furniture. Bamboo can be used for making ply board. There is large amount of bamboo available in our country. Bamboo on special processing can be converted into ply board. Matured bamboos are used for making ply board. There is very good rising demand of ply board. For meet up the demand of ply board few new entrepreneurs can start this industry. In this process solid waste may be come up which can be recycled or can be further processed for making organic fertilizer. Bamboo Board The increasing shortfall of wood is giving rise to the development of non-wood materials. The development of bamboo-board is expected to relieve the pressure on wood, as the raw material is available at a much faster rate. Bamboo is harvested in a four to five year cycle against 40 years for medium density hardwood species used for plywood. Read more


Activated carbon is a non-graphite form of carbon and is microcrystalline in nature. It is extensively used in various industries as a very good absorbent for odour or colour. A large variety of raw materials are available for the manufacture of activated carbon like rice husk, groundnut husk, coconut shell, saw dust, bagasse, wood and bamboo etc. The activated carbon produced in the country is catering to the need of vanaspati and solvent extraction plant, glucose and sugar industries, water treatment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, synthetic rayons, electrochemical industries etc. Read more


The bamboos are a group of woody perennial evergreen (except for certain temperate species) plants in the true grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae. Some are giant bamboos, the largest members of the grass family. Bamboos are the fastest growing woody plants in the world. Their growth rate (up to 60 centimeters (24 in.)/day) is due to a unique rhizome-dependent system, but is highly dependent on local soil and climate conditions. Bamboo is a versatile, strong renewable and environment friendly material, gramineae and the fastest growing woody plant on earth. This grass helps clean the environment and bamboo is widely used in landscape and garden. People use bamboo for making furniture, paper, construction material and eating utensils. The bamboo is used in the following items: Table, Chair, Stool, Long Chair, Sofa Set, Mats. Read more


Bamboo is a tribe of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae; although, the forestry services and departments of many countries where bamboo is utilized as a building material consider bamboo to be a forestry product, and it is specifically harvested as a tree exclusively for the wood it produces, which in many ways is a wood superior in strength and resilience to other natural, fibrous building materials. In fact it is often referred to as a tree by cultures who harvest it as wood. Giant bamboos are the largest members of the grass family. In bamboos, the internodal regions of the stem are hollow and the vascular bundles in the cross section are scattered throughout the stem instead of in a cylindrical arrangement. The dicotyledonous woody xylem is also absent. Read more


Paper is a major product of the forestry industry, and is used widely in our society. Paper products are used not only in their obvious applications in the publishing industry and for writing on, but also in a variety of specialty papers, cardboards, brown papers etc. In addition, various chemicals are produced as a byproduct of the pulp and paper industry. The use of paper for various purposes is an essential feature of the modern society. Therefore pulp and paper manufacturing is very important part of modern industry. Pulp and paper production is based on the use of bamboo as raw material, but also on the consumption of large-scale chemicals, like chlorine, sodium hydroxide, etc. Read more


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